Feed Guider

Your Dogs Weight

Target for Day:

0 kg

0 kcal

 

Welcome to the Dogs First Food Calculator!!!

First off you need the weight of your dog. All food estimates are based on this. For small to medium dogs simply stand on the scales and pick them up. For bigger dogs you may need the scale at your vets. But even a good guess will do, unlike dry feeding fresh feeding isn't an exact science any more than it is in you. All dogs are different and Mum or Dad know best.

Simply put in your dogs weight and then chose a life stage. Remember the best average dog meal is probably 5:1:1. That's 5 parts meat on the bone or mince with bone in it, 1 part organ meat (liver, kidney, heart) and 1 part cooked veg (green beans, peas and carrots, for example). Unlike the first two veg isn't essential but it keeps everything flowing smoothly!

You may need to tweak this recipe depending on which lifestyle you chose, but we'll give you all the notes and tips you'll need. Any problems, give us a shout.
ADULT
The first question would be when exactly is your dog an adult? It varies. One year is a good average though some giant breeds take much longer, smaller breeds can be adult by 10months. Google your breed.

LESS ACTIVE
Some dogs are more sedentary than others. If your dog is lying up for a health reason (please check out our health section) or he has simply not been getting the walks he deserves (ahem!) then you might need to reflect this in his food daily food consumption before it catches up on him.

FEED
Give inactive dogs the same as an adult dog (5:1:1), just a little bit less. Or if you want them to have the same size meals you need to tweak your ingredients a bit to reduce the calorie content of the meal (don't give fatty beed mince and only use lean options, don't give the raw eggs etc). Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Kelp (excellent all round nutritional booster); Increase cooked veg (lowers calorie content of meal without reducing meal size)

TIPS
Unless it's a health issue (in which case check out our health section for advice on his condition) get them out there on walkies!!!
ACTIVE
Some dogs are naturally more outgoing than others, it's in their breeding. Two dogs are more active than one. Even within a breed individuals are different, just like us. If it's just a temporary thing like a big walk, give an extra dollop, but for most without an extra bit each day muscle tone will suffer.

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your starting point, feed active dogs more food. That's number one. But also focus on slightly fattier ingredients. Fat is dog petrol and active dogs thrive on a higher fat content. So you'll be aiming at duck and beef minces over leaner chicken and turkey minces. Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Cod liver oil tablets; Kelp; Cheap high fat beef mince; Raw eggs; Fattier scraps from the butcher's bin; Small amount of carbs pre-activity (brown rice, potato).

TIPS
For active types that need more, the odd duck carcass during the day between feeds is really effective for larger breeds. Weighing 800g and high in awesome duck fat, they are active dog batteries.
WORKING
A working dog is more than an active dog. The brain uses a ferocious amount of energy, up to 40% of energy requirements (when in use, not the case with all dogs!!!). This is the dogs in training, working collies, shepards, agility dogs. Sled dogs are perhaps another level again.

FEED
Better than simply increasing the quantity of food is to focus on fattier ingredients. With 5:1:1 as your starting point, think fattier duck and beef minces over leaner chicken and turkey minces. Maybe use 10% - 20% carbs (brown rice, potatoes with skin on, never cereal). Popular with greyhound breeders, they offer a cheaper form of fast energy to dogs. Use carbs pre-activity but not not in down times. Feed two to three times a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Raw eggs; Cod liver oil tablets for concentration and to keep joints moving and feed brain; Increase Raw liver content; Kelp; Cheap high fat beef mince (or fattier scraps from the butcher's bin).

TIPS
Duck carcasses during the day between feeds is really effective for larger active breeds. Weighing 800g and high in awesome duck fat (containing GLA for the joints), duck carcasses are like energy bars to working dogs. Do not feed 30 mins before or after exercise.
OVERWEIGHT
Put on a few pounds?! Happens us all but you need to sort it out as this is seriously affecting his health and shortening his life. He needs a few less calories and a bit more exercise. Simple! Gloriously fatties don't have to eat less food from a quantity perspective, it's just you need to lower the calorie content of his mix.

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your starting point, go for the leaner options. Cut out the fattier minces. Chose chicken and turkey instead of duck and beef mince. Use whitefish if possible (very oily fish like salmon can pack a punch). Increased the cooked veg content (low calorie). And cut out all white carbs (rice, spuds etc). Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Drop of cod liver oil (to oil those aching joints); Kelp (particularly Ascophyllum, stimulates the thyroid, encourages weight loss); Milk thistle (stimulate liver) and dandelion (kidneys) will both boost metabolism.

TIPS
Watch the treats, they're the common culprit. No dental sticks (ever). Nothing bought in a pet shop. Carrots or baked lean meat as treats. Most important no “light” dry foods. They are abhorrent. And don't forget exercise. Swimming best for very porky puddins.
PREGNANCY 1-4 Weeks
There is little growth of the puppies during the first 4 to 5 weeks of pregnancy so continue to feed the normal amount of high quality fresh dog food (5:1:1) unless she indicates otherwise. Excess feeding early in pregnancy will add unnecessary fat increasing the risk of complications.

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your starting point, you should feed her the same as any adult dog; 5 parts meat on the bone (or mince with bone in it, the bone here supplying your dogs calcium need during pregnancy and lactation); 1 part organ meat (liver, heart, kidney); 1 part cooked veg. In there is all the essential bits and pieces she needs to grow her babies. Dogs are like lego, like feeds like, muscle feeds little muscles, organ feeds little organs, bones feed little bones, so vary your meats and organs used often to make sure you're covering all the bases!! Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Cod liver oil tablets; Kelp;

TIPS
Be prepared for week 3 when there may be a 3 to 10 day period of lack of appetite (akin to morning sickness). This is common but if she completely stops eating for more than 1 to 2 days, consult your veterinarian.
PREGNANCY 5-8 weeks
Now the pups begin to grow rapidly increasing demand on nutrients from the mother, who needs more energy and more food. Your dog’s weight should gradually increase by 25 to 30 percent during this time and her food should increase in conjunction with this up to the point of feeding the bitch whatever she wants! Happy days!

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your base, you should continue feeding a variety of meats and organs. Increase the use of fattier options such as beef and duck minces as stomach size begins to shrink. Feed three to four times a day (or simply as much as she needs).

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Raw eggs (one full egg for a large breed); Cottage Cheese; Cod liver oil tablets; Kelp; Raw liver

TIPS
Some recommend a calcium supplement during pregnancy. I strongly recommend you don't. She has enough of the best kind in there already. Calcium supplementation (even in the giant breeds) is a very dark art and is littered with danger, one being too much calcium can put the parathyroid to sleep. There is not a jot of science in support of it.
PREGNANCY 9 weeks
Now the pups begin to grow rapidly increasing demand on nutrients from the mother, who needs more energy and more food. Your dog’s weight should gradually increase by 25 to 30 percent during this time and her food should increase in conjunction with this up to the point of feeding the bitch whatever she wants! Happy days!

FEED
Stick to the 5:1:1 ratio (with 5 being meat “on the bone” or mince with bone in it). Stomach space is now severely restricted so she'll need the fattier options (duck and beef mince) in higher dose (make them at least 50% of the minces offered) and provide feeding ad lib (as much as she likes).

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
One egg per 20kg of dog; Cottage Cheese; Cod liver oil tablets; Kelp

TIPS
Some recommend a calcium supplement during pregnancy. I strongly recommend you don't. She has enough of the best kind in there already. Calcium supplementation (even in the giant breeds) is a very dark art and is littered with danger, one being too much calcium can put the parathyroid to sleep There is not a jot of science in support of it.
LACTATING Week1
Lactation is a fierce demand on a body's resources, certainly during week 2 and 3 so expect a large increase in nutrient requirements. During her first week of lactation she will require 50% more energy than normal which you will provide by increasing the amount of food she's offered. In short you're aiming to prevent weight loss of the bitch from her “normal” body weight (pre-mating) over the next few weeks.

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your base, you should continue feeding a variety of meats and organs. As with pregnancy employ your fattier options such as beef and duck minces. Feed often ranging to ad lib.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
One egg per 20kg of dog; Cottage Cheese; Cod liver oil tablet (1000mg per 10kg of body weight); Kelp; Green tripe is a winner with lactating bitches.

TIPS
New mothers can be difficult, expect some changes in food / drink behaviour. Be patient and flexible. Also, as with all stages of pregnancy, I advise no to supplement with calcium without prior veterinary advice. And keep that fresh water flowing.
Dr Brady's Fortified Milk Mix: Great stuff for the lactating bitch, it includes one cup (250ml) of goats milk (never feed cows milk), one teaspoon of honey, a table spoon of probiotic yoghurt, one or two teaspoons of a nut oil (eg coconut, almond, flaxseed), a raw egg, and a tablespoon of kelp. Preferably try this mix on her prior to whelping so you know it sits with her. Rocket fuel.
LACTATING Week2
She'll be up to 200% of her normal maintenance requirements with a medium sized litter now so keep that food going in, as much as she needs.

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your base, you should continue feeding a variety of meats and organs. Make sure the fattier options such as beef and duck minces are making up at least half of the meats you are adding in there! Feed her ad lib as much as she wants.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
One egg per 20kg of dog; Cottage Cheese; Cod liver oil tablet (1000mg per 10kg of body weight); Kelp; Green tripe is a winner with lactating bitches.

TIPS
No calcium supplementation, unless otherwise specified by a vet for a good reason.
Keep using the Fortified Milk Mix above.
LACTATING week 3-4
This is peak lactation. Expect to feed up to 300% of maintenance energy requirement during this time. Keep that fresh water flowing for mum.

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your base, you should continue feeding a variety of meats and organs. Make sure the fattier options such as beef and duck minces are making up at least half of the meats you are adding in there! Feed her ad lib as much as she wants. Don't let her lose weight. Begin to feed her separately from her pups.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
One egg per 20kg of dog; Cottage Cheese; Cod liver oil tablet (1000mg per 10kg of body weight); Kelp; Green tripe is a winner with lactating bitches.

TIPS
No calcium supplementation, unless otherwise specified by a vet for a good reason. Introduce new human handlers, sounds and experiences in the nest, the bigger variety the better.
PUPPY: From weaning – 50% of adult body weight
OK you first need to know roughly what weight this dog is going to be when an adult. For pure breeds its easy, google it! For mutts simply take an average of the two dominant breeds in there! It's a rough thing, they won't starve on a good guess and you can tweak later.
You can wean pups on to a boneless mince from 25 days of age, certainly by four weeks. They will want it as they haven tasted it through mums milk.

FEED
Start with boneless chicken / turkey / fish as they're easiest to digest. Introduce beef, duck and organ meats by 5 weeks. By 6 – 8 weeks of age they can eat normal mixes made on mince containing bone. You should be feeding pups as you would an adult (5:1:1) but remember that young pups need a lot more oomf from their food. They thrive on the fattier bits. So make sure to include a nice pinch of fatty beef mince in there. At 8 weeks pups can need up to10% of their BW in food each day (dropping to 5% of BW by 50% adults body weight) so feed often, 4 times a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
An egg now and again; Cod liver oil tablet (1000mg per 10kg of body weight); Kelp

TIPS
Young pups are teething a lot of teeth at the same time and need to chew. Make sure to offer raw meaty bones for relief and nutrition. Ice cubes work well too. Or frozen carrots. And go easy on the exercise, they're only babies!
PUPPY: 50-80% of adult body weight
Once he hits 50% of his adult body weight he will be eating roughly 5-6% of body weight each day.

FEED
Feed him as you would an adult (5:1:1) but keep on using slightly higher calorie cuts (cheap beef mince, duck mince). He'll be teething his adult teeth too so make sure that he's getting his raw meaty bones. Feed three times a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
An egg now and again; Cod liver oil tablet (1000mg per 10kg of body weight); Dash of coconut oil, Kelp

TIPS
No fat pups. It may be cute but the long term damage to life and limb is disastrous. You shouldn’t be able to see the ribs but should be able to feel them. This is just a guide, nothing compares to Mum and Dads intuition. If he's wolfing his food down place a large enough toy in their bowl so that they have to eat around it. And remember this can be quite a nutty time as sex hormones begin to course. Happens us all!
PUPPY: 80-100% of ADULT body weight
This is last growth phase but he'll still be eating around 4% of his body weight per day in fresh food!

FEED
Feed him as you would an adult (5:1:1) but keep on using slightly higher calorie cuts (cheap beef mince, duck mince). Keep the lovely raw meaty bones going in which'll keep the teeth clean but will also provide all the building blocks for forming good, solid joints. Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
An egg now and again; Cod liver oil tablet (1000mg per 10kg of body weight); Tins of sardines (in brine not veg oil), Dash of coconut oil, Kelp

TIPS
Keep them lean. Increase the excercise. Swimming is great.
SENIOR NORMAL
Older dogs require less food, often around 20% less in quantity though this is very dependent on activity level. Your aim should shift to helping struggling areas, with achey limbs at the top of the list!

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your baseline, keep your meat addition lean, older (and more sedentary?) dogs need less oomf. Oily fish is great in older dogs. Some older dogs may benefit from a few carbs (brown rice, potato) in there for easy energy, but they're not necessary. Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Oily fish / cod liver oil tablets / sardines in brine; sweet potato, vit C (disease fighter), coconut oil, raw garlic (half a clove per 20kg of adult body weight)

TIPS
Inflammation is the older dog's enemy. You need to ensure (as with all dogs) that your senior dog is not eating anything that will arouse his immune system and cause inflammation, namely wheat, barley, cooked meats, food chemicals, flea chemicals, boosters (stop these at one year of age). Keep the raw meaty bones going in, clean teeth is essential. Make sure senior dogs are lean or you will end their life quicker. Avoid excess sprinting exercises.
SENIOR OVERWEIGHT
Older dogs require less food, often around 20% less in quantity. If your senior is overweight don't drop the amount of food lower in this though, we'll just reduce the calories a bit!

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your baseline, keep your meat additions lean, so chicken / turkey mince instead of duck and beef mince. Cut out all few carbs (brown rice, potato). Increase cooked veg addition by 10%. Oily fish is great in older dogs but mix with maybe white fish (lower calorie!). Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Cod liver oil tablets; vit C (disease fighter), raw garlic (half a clove per 20kg of adult body weight)

TIPS
Those limbs will be aching. Reduce inflammation in joints by ensuring no wheat, cooked meats, or chemicals (flea treatments, boosters). Keep the raw meaty bones going in, clean teeth is essential. Avoid excess sprinting exercises.
SENIOR INACTIVE
Older dogs require less food, often around 20% less in quantity. If your senior is overweight don't drop the amount of food lower in this though, we'll just reduce the calories a bit!

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your baseline, keep your meat additions lean, so chicken / turkey mince instead of duck and beef mince. Cut out all few carbs (brown rice, potato). Increase cooked veg addition by 10%. Oily fish is great in older dogs but mix with maybe white fish (lower calorie!). Feed twice a day.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Cod liver oil tablets; vit C (disease fighter), raw garlic (half a clove per 20kg of adult body weight)

TIPS
Those limbs will be aching. Reduce inflammation in joints by ensuring no wheat, cooked meats, or chemicals (flea treatments, boosters). Keep the raw meaty bones going in, clean teeth is essential. Avoid excess sprinting exercises.
SENIOR ACTIVE
Ordinary older dogs require less food but your active older dog probably doesn't! There is very little difference between your older active dog and an adult dog, treat the same (with a bit more cod liver oil!!).

FEED
With 5:1:1 as your baseline, your active senior might benefit from a few carbs (brown rice, potato) in there for easy energy. Oily fish is great in older dogs.

RECOMMENDED ADDITIONS
Cod liver oil tablets; sweet potato, vit C (disease fighter), coconut oil, raw garlic (half a clove per 20kg of adult body weight)

TIPS
Keep an eye on well worked limbs. Ensure no wheat, cooked meats or chemicals (flea treatments, boosters) are going in there. Keep the raw meaty bones going in, clean teeth is essential. Despite signs of good health take it easy on sprinting exercises. Keep the raw meaty bones going in, clean teeth is essential, and keep active seniors very lean.